Green Street Advisors

Commercial Property Price Index

September 17, 2018

An Improved Commercial Property Price Index

Green Street is pleased to introduce a new, improved, and expanded suite of commercial property indexes. The most significant change is that the Green Street Commercial Property Price Index (CPPI) will henceforth capture price changes in fifteen property sectors (versus five before). The new index is a more useful performance benchmark for real estate investors who are increasingly moving away from investing solely in the core property sectors that dominate other benchmarks. The firm will continue to publish a Core Sector CPPI focused solely on apartments, industrial, office, and retail.

Green Street is also launching a new suite of total return indexes, the flagship of which is the Green Street Commercial Property Return Index (CPRI). This index is similar to the price index, with the only addition being the inclusion of the income component from investing in property.

Learn more about the changes to our Commercial Property Price Index

How is our index different than others that track commercial property prices?

Timeliness

Green Street’s Commercial Property Price Index is a time series of unleveraged U.S. commercial property values that captures the prices at which commercial real estate transactions are currently being negotiated and contracted. Features that differentiate this index are its timeliness, its emphasis on high-quality properties, and its ability to capture changes in the aggregate value of the commercial property sector. Learn more.

Green Street Commercial Property Price Index

Indexed to 100 in August 2007

Download CPPI Report Download CPPI Data

All Property CPPI weights: retail (20%), office (17.5%), apartment (15%), health care (15%), industrial (10%), lodging (7.5%), net lease (5%), self storage (5%), manufactured home park (2.5%), and student housing (2.5%). Retail is mall (50%) and strip retail (50%).
Core Sector CPPI weights: apartment (25%), industrial (25%), office (25%), and retail (25%).

Change in Commercial Property Values

Amount property values have increased over this period



What makes our commercial property price index unique?

There are significant differences between the Green Street CPPI and other indices that track commercial property prices. Green Street’s CPPI is appraisal-based. Appraisal-based indices are only as good as the valuation estimates used to construct them, and Green Street has long devoted sizable resources to deriving accurate estimates of the values of the properties owned by REITs. Most other indices are transaction-based.

Institutional Quality

Institutional Quality

The index is based on Green Street’s frequently updated estimates of price appreciation of the property portfolios owned by the REITs in its U.S. coverage universe. Since REITs own high-quality properties, the index measures the value of institutional-quality commercial real estate.

Timely

Timely

Our index reflects changes in commercial property values as soon as we hear about them. That’s one of the benefits of an appraisal-based index; we don’t have to wait for deals to close. Most other indices are based on closed transactions, so they convey information several months old.

Value-Weighted

Value-Weighted

We place more weight on high-quality properties, e.g. a New York skyscraper has a much greater impact than a suburban strip mall. Because our CPPI is value-weighted, it measures what’s happening to real estate prices in aggregate, similar to the Wilshire 5000 that measures what’s happening to the stock market in aggregate. Most property indices are equally-weighted.